Element Oddities: 11 Confusing Chemical Symbols ExplainedElement Oddities: 11 Confusing Chemical Symbols Explained
Almost all of the chemical symbols for elements within the table that is periodic sense; you can find a little selection, but, that seem to bear no regards to their elementвЂ™s title. Following the regular dining table of refused element names several days ago, questions regarding these elements arrived up, so right hereвЂ™s a review of their confusing symbols, combined with causes of them.
Sodium вЂ“ Natrium (Na)
SodiumвЂ™s Latin name, вЂnatriumвЂ™, derives through the Greek вЂnГtronвЂ™ (a title for sodium carbonate). Its original supply may very well be the Arabic work вЂnatrunвЂ™. Lots of contemporary languages nevertheless call the element natrium in the place of salt, plus itвЂ™s this title that its symbol that is chemical, originates from.
Potassium вЂ“ Kalium (K)
вЂKaliumвЂ™ is potassiumвЂ™s Latin name, and derives from the Arabic вЂal qal Д« yвЂ™, meaning вЂњcalcined ashesвЂќ (the ashes left whenever plant product is burned). Just like salt, lots of modern languages nevertheless relate to potassium as kalium, while the title lends the element its chemical expression, K.
Iron вЂ“ Ferrum (Fe)
IronвЂ™s Latin title, вЂferrumвЂ™, provides it its expression Fe; it simply means вЂironвЂ™ or вЂswordвЂ™, and it is possibly of Semitic origin. The element is well known by many different names in various languages, with a few sources suggesting there are over 200 names that are different it. ThereвЂ™s an inventory of 213 of these right here.
Copper вЂ“ Cuprum (Cu)
ThereвЂ™s no shortage of elements known as after places, but copperвЂ™s title is much more subdued than many. CopperвЂ™s Latin title was вЂcypriumвЂ™, which it self arises from вЂkyprosвЂ™, the Greek title for Cyprus. The area of Cyprus ended up being centuries that www.hookupdate.net/chatroulette-review// are famous for the copper reserves. The title ended up being sooner or later simplified to вЂcuprumвЂ™, and also this eventually morphed to the English variation, copper.
Silver вЂ“ Argentum (Ag)
The Latin title for silver, вЂargentumвЂ™, is believed to derive initially from A indo-european language, most likely referring to your metalвЂ™s shininess. The united states Argentina is termed after silver (albeit indirectly as mention of the RГo de la Plata) and it is the only country to be known as after a chemical element, as opposed to the other means around.
Tin вЂ“ Stannum (Sn)
TinвЂ™s Latin title, вЂstannumвЂ™, could be produced by the Indo-European вЂstagвЂ™ (dripping) because tin melts at a temperature that is low. ThereвЂ™s also speculation maybe it’s based on the Cornish вЂsteanвЂ™ as a result of CornwallвЂ™s tin that is famous, though likewise, other people declare that this term is just produced from the Latin.
Antimony вЂ“ Stibium (Sb)
The Latin вЂstibiumвЂ™ derives through the Greek word вЂstГbiвЂ™, meaning attention paint, talking about the utilization of antimony substances being an eye cosmetic that is ancient. This term is in turn likely produced by Arabic or Egyptian. Few nations relate to antimony as stibium today, despite its sign.
Tungsten вЂ“ Wolfram (W)
Wolfram ended up being called following the mineral it had been present in, wolframite. This will be from theвЂwolf that is german, or вЂwolfвЂ™s foamвЂ™, talking about the quantity of tin вЂeatenвЂ™ because of the steel during its removal. Wolfram continues to be utilized in a few languages. Tungsten is from Swedish, and means hefty rock вЂ“ significantly apt, because itвЂ™s the 7th densest element into the regular dining table.
Silver вЂ“ Aurum (Au)
The Latin title for gold had been вЂaurumвЂ™, meaning вЂyellowвЂ™, derived through the word вЂauroraвЂ™ (вЂdawnвЂ™). The name вЂgoldвЂ™, used in Germanic languages, means вЂyellow, shining metalвЂ™; a number of other European languages utilize derivatives of aurum.
Mercury вЂ“ Hydrargyrum (Hg)
MercuryвЂ™s initial Latin title was actually вЂargentum vivumвЂ™ (living silver), but Latin later borrowed through the Greek вЂhydrargyrosвЂ™ (fluid silver) to provide вЂhydrargyrumвЂ™. The English that is original name the element ended up being вЂquicksilverвЂ™. Alchemists considered that it is near to silver, and as a result of this they known as it Mercury, following the earth closest towards the Sun. A few of the other metals understood since antiquity got names corresponding into the planets, too, but MercuryвЂ™s is the only person thatвЂ™s stuck.
Lead вЂ“ Plumbum
LeadвЂ™s Latin title, вЂplumbumвЂ™, likely originally derives from a language Ancient that is pre-dating Greek. This Latin name is also the foundation regarding the English words вЂplumbingвЂ™ and вЂplumberвЂ™, as a result of the historic utilization of lead in water pipelines.