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HomeUncategorizedElement Oddities: 11 Confusing Chemical Symbols Explained
Element Oddities: 11 Confusing Chemical Symbols Explained

Element Oddities: 11 Confusing Chemical Symbols Explained

Almost all of the chemical symbols for elements within the table that is periodic sense; you can find a little selection, but, that seem to bear no regards to their element’s title. Following the regular dining table of refused element names several days ago, questions regarding these elements arrived up, so right here’s a review of their confusing symbols, combined with causes of them.

Sodium – Natrium (Na)

Sodium’s Latin name, ‘natrium’, derives through the Greek ‘nítron’ (a title for sodium carbonate). Its original supply may very well be the Arabic work ‘natrun’. Lots of contemporary languages nevertheless call the element natrium in the place of salt, plus it’s this title that its symbol that is chemical, originates from.

Potassium – Kalium (K)

‘Kalium’ is potassium’s Latin name, and derives from the Arabic ‘al qal ī y’, meaning “calcined ashes” (the ashes left whenever plant product is burned). Just like salt, lots of modern languages nevertheless relate to potassium as kalium, while the title lends the element its chemical expression, K.

Iron – Ferrum (Fe)

Iron’s Latin title, ‘ferrum’, provides it its expression Fe; it simply means ‘iron’ or ‘sword’, and it is possibly of Semitic origin. The element is well known by many different names in various languages, with a few sources suggesting there are over 200 names that are different it. There’s an inventory of 213 of these right here.

Copper – Cuprum (Cu)

There’s no shortage of elements known as after places, but copper’s title is much more subdued than many. Copper’s Latin title was ‘cyprium’, which it self arises from ‘kypros’, the Greek title for Cyprus. The area of Cyprus ended up being centuries that www.hookupdate.net/chatroulette-review// are famous for the copper reserves. The title ended up being sooner or later simplified to ‘cuprum’, and also this eventually morphed to the English variation, copper.

Silver – Argentum (Ag)

The Latin title for silver, ‘argentum’, is believed to derive initially from A indo-european language, most likely referring to your metal’s shininess. The united states Argentina is termed after silver (albeit indirectly as mention of the Río de la Plata) and it is the only country to be known as after a chemical element, as opposed to the other means around.

Tin – Stannum (Sn)

Tin’s Latin title, ‘stannum’, could be produced by the Indo-European ‘stag’ (dripping) because tin melts at a temperature that is low. There’s also speculation maybe it’s based on the Cornish ‘stean’ as a result of Cornwall’s tin that is famous, though likewise, other people declare that this term is just produced from the Latin.

Antimony – Stibium (Sb)

The Latin ‘stibium’ derives through the Greek word ‘stíbi’, meaning attention paint, talking about the utilization of antimony substances being an eye cosmetic that is ancient. This term is in turn likely produced by Arabic or Egyptian. Few nations relate to antimony as stibium today, despite its sign.

Tungsten – Wolfram (W)

Wolfram ended up being called following the mineral it had been present in, wolframite. This will be from the‘wolf that is german, or ‘wolf’s foam’, talking about the quantity of tin ‘eaten’ because of the steel during its removal. Wolfram continues to be utilized in a few languages. Tungsten is from Swedish, and means hefty rock – significantly apt, because it’s the 7th densest element into the regular dining table.

Silver – Aurum (Au)

The Latin title for gold had been ‘aurum’, meaning ‘yellow’, derived through the word ‘aurora’ (‘dawn’). The name ‘gold’, used in Germanic languages, means ‘yellow, shining metal’; a number of other European languages utilize derivatives of aurum.

Mercury – Hydrargyrum (Hg)

Mercury’s initial Latin title was actually ‘argentum vivum’ (living silver), but Latin later borrowed through the Greek ‘hydrargyros’ (fluid silver) to provide ‘hydrargyrum’. The English that is original name the element ended up being ‘quicksilver’. Alchemists considered that it is near to silver, and as a result of this they known as it Mercury, following the earth closest towards the Sun. A few of the other metals understood since antiquity got names corresponding into the planets, too, but Mercury’s is the only person that’s stuck.

Lead – Plumbum

Lead’s Latin title, ‘plumbum’, likely originally derives from a language Ancient that is pre-dating Greek. This Latin name is also the foundation regarding the English words ‘plumbing’ and ‘plumber’, as a result of the historic utilization of lead in water pipelines.

References & Further Reading

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